Success rates with nicotine personal vaporizers: a prospective 6-month pilot study of smokers not intending to quit

Success rates with nicotine personal vaporizers: a prospective 6-month pilot study of smokers not intending to quit

The objective is to examine e-cigarette use and conventional cigarette smoking.

Published: November 2014

Positive: Yes

Link to article:

http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/14/1159/abstract

Authors

Riccardo Polosa,

Pasquale Caponnetto,

Marilena Maglia,

Jaymin B Morjaria,

Cristina Russo

Background

Electronic cigarettes (e-Cigs) are an attractive long-term alternative nicotine source to conventional cigarettes. Although they may assist smokers to remain abstinent during their quit attempt, studies using first generation e-Cigs report low success rates. Second generation devices (personal vaporisers – PVs) may result in much higher quit rates, but their efficacy and safety in smoking cessation and/or reduction in clinical trials is unreported.

Method

We conducted a prospective proof-of-concept study monitoring modifications in smoking behaviour of 50 smokers (unwilling to quit) switched onto PVs. Participants attended five study visits: baseline, week-4, week-8, week-12 and week-24. Number of cigarettes/day (cigs/day) and exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) levels were noted at each visit. Smoking reduction/abstinence rates, product usage, adverse events and subjective opinions of these products were also reviewed.

Results

Sustained 50% and 80% reduction in cigs/day at week-24 was reported in 15/50 (30%) and 7/50 (14%) participants with a reduction from 25cigs/day to 6cigs/day (p < 0.001) and 3cigs/day (p < 0.001), respectively. Smoking abstinence (self-reported abstinence from cigarette smoking verified by an eCO <=10 ppm) at week-24 was observed in 18/50 (36%) participants, with 15/18 (83.3%) still using their PVs at the end of the study. Combined 50% reduction and smoking abstinence was shown in 33/50 (66%) participants. Throat/mouth irritation (35.6%), dry throat/mouth (28.9%), headache (26.7%) and dry cough (22.2%) were frequently reported early in the study, but waned substantially by week-24. Participants’ perception and acceptance of the products was very good.


Conclusion

The use of second generation PVs substantially decreased cigarette consumption without causing significant adverse effects in smokers not intending to quit..

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