Biochemically verified smoking cessation and vaping beliefs among vape store customers

To evaluate biochemically verified smoking status, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) use behaviors and beliefs among a sample of customers from vapor stores (stores specializing in ENDS).

Published: Not yet (as of 13 February 2015)

Positive: Yes

Publication link:

doi: 10.1111/add.12878


Alayna P. Tackett
William V. Lechner
Ellen Meier
DeMond M. Grant
Leslie M. Driskill
Noor N. Tahirkheli2
Theodore L. Wagener


Design, Setting, Participants

A cross-sectional survey of 215 adult vapor store customers at four retail locations in the Midwestern United States; a subset of participants (n=181) also completed exhaled carbon monoxide (CO) testing to verify smoking status.


Outcomes evaluated included ENDS preferences, harm beliefs, use behaviors, smoking history and current biochemically verified smoking status.


Most customers reported starting ENDS as a means of smoking cessation (86%), using newer generation devices (89%), vaping non-tobacco/non-menthol flavors (72%), and using e-liquid with nicotine strengths of ≤20 mg/ml (72%). There was a high rate of switching (91.4%) to newer generation ENDS among those who started with a first generation product. Exhaled CO readings confirmed that 66% of the tested sample had quit smoking. Among those who continued to smoke, mean cigarettes per day decreased from 22.1 to 7.5 (p <.001). People who reported vaping longer (OR=4.7, 95% CI = 2.0–10.8), using newer generation devices (OR=3.0, 95% CI = 1.0–8.4) and using non-tobacco and non-menthol flavors (OR=2.6, 95% CI = 1.1–6.1) were more likely to have quit smoking.


Among vapor store customers in the US who use electronic nicotine delivery devices to stop smoking, vaping longer, using newer generation devices, and using non-tobacco and non-menthol flavored e-liquid appear to be associated with higher rates of smoking cessation.

Full text: N/A